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Table 1 Clinical characteristics and imaging findings of 94 cases of primary hepatic carcinoid tumor

From: Primary hepatic carcinoid tumor: a case report and review of the literature

Characteristics Number (%)
Age (y)a 49.8 ± 16.0
Gender (M/F) 39/55 (41.5/58.5)
Clinical manifestations  
   Asymptomatic 11/84 (13.1)
   Abdominal pain 37/84 (44.0)
   Carcinoid syndrome 14/84 (16.7)
Diarrhea 8/84 (9.5)
Flushing 4/84 (4.8)
Cushing syndrome 2/84 (2.4)
   Abdominal mass 12/84 (14.3)
   Fatigue 6/84 (7.1)
   Zollinger-Ellison syndrome 5/84 (6.0)
   Dyspnea 4/84 (4.8)
   Jaundice 4/84 (4.8)
   Anemia 2/84 (2.4)
   Body weight loss 2/84 (2.4)
   Hypoglycermia 1/84 (1.2)
   Leg edema 1/84 (1.2)
Imaging finings  
   Ultrasound  
Solid tumor 32/39 (82.1)
Solid tumor with cystic component 7/39 (17.9)
Hyperechoic pattern 12/14 (85.7)
Hypoechoic pattern 2/14 (14.3)
   Computed tomography  
Low density tumor in noncontrast 37/50 (74.0)
Low density tumor with cystic component in noncontrast 17/50 (34.0)
Tumor enhancement 20/50 (40.0)
Enhanced in arterial phase and washout in portal phase 13/50 (26.0)
   Magnetic resonance imaging  
Low intensity in T1 and high intensity in T2 17/21 (81.0)
   Angiography  
Hypervascular tumor 23/27 (85.2)
Avascular tumor 4/27 (14.8)
  1. aPresent as mean value ± standard derivation