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  1. Antiphospholipid syndrome is an autoimmune disorder characterized by either a history of vascular thrombosis (one or more clinical episodes of arterial, venous, or small vessel thrombosis in any tissue or orga...

    Authors: Evangelia Tsironi, Nikolaos Gatselis, Maria G Kotoula, Kalliopi Zachou, Maria Pefkianaki, Fani Zacharaki, Dimitrios Z Chatzoulis and George N Dalekos

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:159

    Content type: Case Report

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  2. Gastrointestinal tract duplications are rare congenital malformations that may occur anywhere in the alimentary tract from the mouth to the anus, and vary greatly in presentation, size, location, and especiall...

    Authors: Christos Limas, Chrisostomos Soultanidis, Michail A Kirmanidis, Christina Tsigalou and Olga Tsirogianni

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:158

    Content type: Case Report

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  3. Variations in position of the vermiform appendix considerably changes clinical findings. Retrocaecal appendicitis presents with slightly different clinical features from those of classical appendicitis associa...

    Authors: Imtiaz Wani

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:157

    Content type: Case Report

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  4. A 66 year old man initially presented with haemoptysis and subsequently required a pneumonectomy for a lung mass, following this he had a finger swelling which was found to be a rare leiomyosarcoma and this wa...

    Authors: Richard M Graham, Melanie C Sharp and G Patrick Ashcroft

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:155

    Content type: Case Report

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  5. Acute leukemia, the most common form of cancer in children, accounts for approximately 30% of all childhood malignancies, with acute lymphoblastic leukemia being five times more frequent than acute myeloid leu...

    Authors: Elisa Dorantes-Acosta, Farina Arreguin-Gonzalez, Carlos A Rodriguez-Osorio, Stanislaw Sadowinski, Rosana Pelayo and Aurora Medina-Sanson

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:154

    Content type: Case Report

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  6. To report a case of masquerade syndrome presenting as bilateral uveitis in an HCV positive patient, and to highlight the difficulties in distinguishing between chronic uveitis and malignancy-induced inflammation.

    Authors: Guerriero Silvana, Lorenza Ciraci and Domenico Santorsola

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:152

    Content type: Case Report

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  7. Splenic artery aneurysms (SAA) are uncommon but the most common visceral artery aneurysm. Splenic artery aneurysms are important to recognize because up to 25% may be complicated by rupture and the mortality r...

    Authors: Sezgin Sarikaya, Baki Ekci, Can Aktas, Asli Cetin, Didem Ay and Alp Demirag

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:148

    Content type: Case Report

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  8. Atypical clinical and imaging findings in Reversible Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome are recognized with increasing frequency.

    Authors: Cristina Soler Riera, Leila Haddad, Darío Scocco, Gabriela Fischer, Christian Lopez Saubidet and Paulino A Álvarez

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:145

    Content type: Case Report

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  9. Incidental carcinoma of the prostate gland is a common clinical problem among elderly males but this malignancy presenting initially with features of Disseminated Intravascular Coagulopathy (DIC) in the Africa...

    Authors: Ayo Abdulkadir Salako, Olukayode Adeolu Arowolo, Emmanuel Abidemi Omonisi, Adewale Oluseye Adisa, Nicholas Akinwale Titiloye and Kayode Adelusola

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:144

    Content type: Case Report

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  10. Uterine leiomyosarcomas are relatively uncommon soft tissue neoplasms and rarely metastases to small bowel. In the current case; a patient is suffering from intestinal perforation due to metastatic leiomyosarc...

    Authors: Barış Saylam, Ömer Vefik Özozan, Arife Polat Düzgün, Bahadır Külah, Özge Han and Faruk Coşkun

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:9288

    Content type: Case Report

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  11. Intestinal obstruction due to sigmoid volvulus during pregnancy is rare. The presenting signs/symptoms seen in these patients are the same as with non-pregnant patients. Fetal and maternal mortality rates are ...

    Authors: Ali Kolusari, Mertihan Kurdoglu, Ertan Adali, Recep Yildizhan, H Guler Sahin and Cetin Kotan

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:9275

    Content type: Case Report

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  12. A 26-year-old gravida 3 para 1+1 was referred for antenatal care. In her last pregnancy she had a early spontaneous preterm delivery at 32 weeks and 2 days complicated by intra hepatic cholestasis of pregnancy...

    Authors: Tosin Ajala, Junaid Rafi, Richard Wray, Mark William Whitehead and Jamal Zaidi

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:8679

    Content type: Case Report

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  13. Whipple disease is a rare systemic infection caused by Tropheryma whippelii that usually manifests with joint pain, weight loss, diarrhoea and abdominal pain. However, in some cases the infection may involve othe...

    Authors: Stanislaw Niemczyk, Ewa Filipowicz, Lukasz Wozniacki, Janusz Grochowski, Leszek Zaleski, Agnieszka Grzejszczak, Agnieszka Perkowska Ptasinska, Lukasz Koperski and Joanna Matuszkiewicz Rowinska

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:8444

    Content type: Case Report

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  14. Paradoxical embolism is defined as a systemic arterial embolism requiring the passage of a venous thrombus into the arterial circulatory system through a right-to-left shunt. It is a relatively rare phenomenon...

    Authors: Giorgio Caretta, Debora Robba, Ivano Bonadei, Melissa Teli, Benedetta Fontanella, Enrico Vizzardi, Davide Farina, Riccardo Raddino and Livio Dei Cas

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:8358

    Content type: Case Report

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  15. Trapezium fractures are rare injuries which should not be missed. We report a case of a 27-year-old right hand dominant man who sustained a closed vertical trapezium fracture and first carpometacarpal joint di...

    Authors: Darryl Nilesh Ramoutar, Constantine Katevu, Andrew Gordon Titchener and Arpit Patel

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:8304

    Content type: Case Report

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  16. Painful ophthalmoplegia refers to periorbital or hemicraneal pain plus ipsilateral ocular motor nerve palsies with or without oculo-sympathetic paralysis, sensory loss in the distribution of V1 and V2 can co-o...

    Authors: Juan A Mendez, Cristhian R Arias, Diego Sanchez, Luis M Pesci, Brenda S Lopez, Ruben Lopez and Elvira Castro

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:8271

    Content type: Case Report

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  17. A 21-year-old male presented to the emergency department with the complaint of muscle weakness. The patient had used a powderized over-the-counter product named 'Tekumut' for 2 weeks to quit smoking. The granu...

    Authors: Akkas Camkurt Meltem, Coskun Figen, Metin Aksu Nalan, Kunt Mahir, Bozkurt Sebnem, Isildak Mehlika, Kilic Ahmet Kasim and Bayraktar Miyase

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:8053

    Content type: Case Report

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  18. The most mobile organ of the body, the tongue is associated with various congenital anomalies; most of which are in association with many other systemic abnormalities. Rarely do they occur in isolation. Isolat...

    Authors: Altaf Rasool, Mohammad Inam Zaroo, Adil Hafeez Wani, Mohammad Ashraf Darzi, Shiekh Adil Bashir, Akram Hussain Bijli and Shafaq Rashid

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:7926

    Content type: Case Report

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  19. Vaginal endometriosis is characterized by the presence of endometrial tissue in the vagina. In this paper the authors present an unusual case of post-hysterectomy vaginal cuff endometriosis.

    Authors: Zacharoula Sidiropoulou, António Setúbal, Catia Acosta and Eduardo Roberto

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:7195

    Content type: Case Report

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  20. Subdural empyema is an unusual complication of meningococcal meningitis, and in acute cases can be rapidly fatal. We present a case of an 8 week old infant who presented with atypical Neisseria meningitis with bi...

    Authors: Kawai Yip, Roly D Gosling, Victoria Jones and Ian K Hosein

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:6335

    Content type: Case Report

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  21. The uncinate process is a hook-like projection of the inferior aspect of the head of the pancreas. Carcinoma of the uncinate process of the pancreas is considered to be rare, difficult to diagnose and particul...

    Authors: Kumaran Shanmugarajah, Elaine Hui, Nikhil Vergis, Chris Schelvan and Stephen Robinson

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:8780

    Content type: Case Report

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  22. Splenic cysts are rare clinical findings, detected due to derivative symptoms or as a random discovery in abdominal imaging. Although there still remains controversy as to their optimal treatment, bigger secon...

    Authors: Christos N Stoidis, Basileios G Spyropoulos, Evangelos P Misiakos, Christos K Fountzilas, Panorea P Paraskeva and Constantine I Fotiadis

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:8730

    Content type: Case Report

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  23. Massive lower gastrointestinal bleeding due to trichuriasis and/or typhoid fever is rarely reported. We reported a case of a 29-year-old male presented with per rectal bleeding, diarrhea, generalized abdominal...

    Authors: Amal Rashad Nimir, Mohamad Salleh Bin Abdul Aziz, Geok Chin Tan and Abdul Rahman Hikmet Shaker

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:8285

    Content type: Case Report

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  24. Hamartomas are non-neoplastic lesions constituted by a mixture of tissues indigenous to the region. Respiratory epithelial adenomatoid hamartomas are characterised by glandular proliferation lined by ciliated ...

    Authors: Mariusz Gajda, Olaf Zagolski, Agnieszka Jasztal, Grzegorz J Lis, Grazyna Pyka-Fosciak and Jan A Litwin

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:8151

    Content type: Case Report

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  25. An 18-year-old male patient presented with chronic nonspecific pain of three months located at his left proximal tibia. The patient was admitted to our department for plain X-ray, computed tomography and magne...

    Authors: Vasilios Skiadas, Vasilios Koutoulidis, Andreas Koureas, Lia Moulopoulos and Athanasios Gouliamos

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:7833

    Content type: Case Report

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  26. Since 1905, the abdominal cavity has been used for absorption of cerebrospinal fluid in patients with hydrocephalus. We report a case of a 33-year-old female, in which a spontaneous extrusion of the peritoneal...

    Authors: Theodossios Birbilis, Efthimia Theodoropoulou and Georgios Matis

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:6898

    Content type: Case Report

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  27. Diabetic nephropathy can occur during the course of both type1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The characteristic lesions are diffuse or nodular (Kimmelsteil-Wilson) diabetic glomerulosclerosis. The reported cas...

    Authors: Imed Helal, Rym Goucha, Cyrine Karoui, Ezzedine Abderrahim, Fethi Ben Hamida, Fethi Elyounsi, Hedi Ben Maiz, Taieb Ben Abdallah and Adel Kheder

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:6792

    Content type: Case Report

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  28. Cystic lesion of the omentum and mesentery are rare. The incidence of both cyst types has been variously reported to vary from 1/27,000-100,000 hospital admission. Omental cysts occur three to ten times less f...

    Authors: Ganiyu A Rahman, Adekunle Y Abdulkadir, Samuel A Olatoke, Stanley Uwaezuoke, Ibrahim F Yusuf and Kolawole T Braimoh

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:6482

    Content type: Case Report

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  29. Primary signet ring cell carcinoma of urinary bladder is a rare type of bladder tumor and carries a very high mortality rate. It may have a clinical presentation similar to common diseases like benign prostati...

    Authors: Kumar Gaurav, Jamie Fitch and Mukta Panda

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:9274

    Content type: Case Report

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  30. The case illustrates the myriad of fulminating complications due to Clostridium difficile infection in a previously healthy individual without any risk factors. Community acquired Clostridium difficile infection ...

    Authors: Sreedhar Kolli, Akhila Mallipedhi, Rhys Thomas and Male Kishore Reddy

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:7978

    Content type: Case Report

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  31. Although membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis has been reported to occur in association with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, information concerning the long term effects of treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma on t...

    Authors: Hala Alshayeb and Barry M Wall

    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:7201

    Content type: Case Report

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