Anomalous origin of the left circumflex artery from the right coronary artery: a case report
© Plastiras et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2008
Received: 22 July 2008
Accepted: 19 November 2008
Published: 19 November 2008
Coronary artery anomalies are found in 0.6% to 1.55% of patients who undergo coronary angiography, and the increasing use of diagnostic coronary angiography is uncovering even more such abnormalities. We present a very unusual case of an anomalous origin of the left circumflex coronary artery (LCx) from the proximal right coronary artery (RCA).
We present a case of a 45-year-old-man with a recent history of a non ST elevation myocardial infarction. The coronary angiography reveals an ectopic left circumflex coronary artery from the right coronary artery. In this report we attempted to highlight the rarity of this coronary anatomy.
Anomalous origins of the coronary artery are rare, but may cause myocardial ischemia and sudden death. Thus, their reliable identification is a matter of paramount importance possibly evaluating the effects of therapeutic intervention.
The presence of anomalous coronary arteries is observed about 1% of patients undergoing cardiac catheterization. However, their identification is crucial to the management of the patient with associated coronary artery disease. This report presents a very unusual case of an anomalous origin of the left circumflex coronary artery (LCx) from the proximal right coronary artery (RCA) in a patient presented with a non ST elevation myocardial infarction of the inferior wall.
The ectopic origin of the LCx is a well-recognized variant, which is considered the most common coronary anomaly and can be found in approximately 0.37% to 0.7% of all patients. The anomalous LCx most commonly arises from a separate ostium within the right sinus, or as a proximal branch of the RCA . Although this anomaly is classified as benign and asymptomatic, and a few cases of sudden death, myocardial infarction, and angina pectoris in the absence of atherosclerotic lesions have been reported . The technical experience reported in the literature concerning angioplasty, if needed, in patients with anomalous origin of the left circumflex artery is limited. Balloon angioplasty seems to be a favorable approach for revascularization in these vessels, and major determinants of successful angioplasty are angiographic knowledge of their course and structure, appropriate selection of guiding catheter, and the possibility of advancing the balloon into the anomalous vessel [3, 4].
Written informed consent was obtained from the patient's next-of-kin for publication of this case report and accompanying images. A copy of the written consent is available for review by the Editor-in-Chief of this journal.
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