Open Access

Pectus excavatum and chest pain: a case report

Cases Journal20081:351

https://doi.org/10.1186/1757-1626-1-351

Received: 03 July 2008

Accepted: 25 November 2008

Published: 25 November 2008

Abstract

Background

Simultaneous repair of pectus deformities and open heart surgery has been reported.

Case Presentation

We describe a case of a 23 year old male with a severe pectus deformity complaining of chest pain. Subsequent work up revealed a 10 cm. ascending aortic aneurysm and severe aortic insufficiency. We opted to repair the aneurysm and close the sternotomy, leaving the deformity intact.

Conclusion

In a more elective setting, simultaneous pectus repair combined with a cardiac procedure may be considered.

Background

Simultaneous repair of pectus deformities and open heart surgery has been reported. Controversy exists regarding the repair of the pectus deformity at the time of the cardiac procedure.

Case presentation

A 23 year-old Hispanic male, with no prior medical history, presented to the emergency department with a two-week history of increasing chest pain. His physical examination revealed a significant pectus excavatum deformity (Figure 1) and a diastolic murmur. Other physical findings were suggestive of Marfan's disease. He denied alcohol or tobacco use. An abnormal chest x-ray prompted further work up with a CT scan that demonstrated leftward displacement of the heart and great vessels, as well as 10 cm ascending aortic aneurysm (Figure 2). An echocardiogram confirmed severe aortic valve insufficiency. The patient underwent aortic root replacement and aneurysm repair with a valved conduit. An operative photograph exhibits the large ascending aneurysm and a normal appearing distal ascending aorta (Figure 3). The patient made an uneventful postoperative recovery.
Figure 1

Pectus excavatum deformity. Physical examination of the patient demonstrating a pectus excavatum deformity.

Figure 2

CT scan. CT scan demonstrating a 10 cm ascending aortic aneurysm. The surrounding vascular structures are labelled. Note the leftward displacement of the mediastinal structures secondary to the pectus deformity.

Figure 3

Operative photograph. Intra-operative photograph demonstrating the large ascending aortic aneurysm prior to repair. The distal ascending aorta is noted to be normal.

Discussion

There are numerous case reports documenting simultaneous repair of cardiovascular disorders and correction of pectus deformities [16]. In the above case, we opted to close the sternotomy and leave the deformity intact. The patient stated he had no previous problems related to his deformity and no desire for pectus repair. This decision was facilitated by the potential risk of wound complications in the setting of a newly placed synthetic graft used for the aortic root replacement.

Conclusion

In a more elective setting, simultaneous pectus repair combined with a cardiac procedure may be considered.

Consent

"Written informed consent was obtained from the patient for publication of this case report and accompanying images. A copy of the written consent is available for review by the Editor-in-Chief of this journal."

Declarations

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine
(2)
University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Cardiovascular and Thoracic Institute

References

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Copyright

© Kim and Baker; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2008

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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