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  • Case Report
  • Open Access

Parotid gland oncocytoma: a case report

  • 1Email author,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 2 and
  • 1
Cases Journal20092:6423

  • Received: 22 January 2009
  • Accepted: 13 February 2009
  • Published:


Oncocytomas are a rare group of neoplasms of the parotid gland which have been correlated to various viral infections. We report the first case of a patient with parotid oncocytoma and a previous history of chronic HBV infection.


  • Parotid Gland
  • Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura
  • Xerophthalmia
  • Superficial Parotidectomy
  • Oncocytic Neoplasm


Oncocytic neoplasms comprise a group of rare tumours of the parotid glands, and their incidence represents approximately 1% of parotid neoplasms [1]. Histologically they are classified according to the new World Health Organisation (WHO) classification in three distinct types, namely oncocytosis, oncocytoma and oncocytic carcinoma [2]. We herein describe the case of a 74-year old female patient with left parotid oncocytoma and a previous history of immune thrombocytopenia and chronic HBV infection.

Case presentation

A 74-year old Greek Caucasian female patient presented to our department because of swelling of her left parotid gland during the previous one month. Her past history revealed refractory immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), diagnosed six years earlier, which was treated with low dose corticosteroid (methyl-prednisolone 8 mg/day), and chronic untreated hepatitis B (HBV) infection with low viral load (HBV-DNA = 1.4 × 103 IU/ml). On physical examination, the mass was elastic and mobile and the overlying skin was unaffected. Left cervical lymphadenopathy was detected. There were no facial palsy, xerophthalmia and/or xerostomia (Sicca syndrome).

Extensive screening for viruses (HCV, HIV, EBV, CMV, ECHO, Coxsackie and Adenoviruses) and autoimmune diseases proved negative. Computed tomography (CT) of the parotid glands, neck and thorax revealed an egg-shaped mass in the left parotid gland (maximum diameter 3.8 cm) along with cervical lymphadenopathy (Figure 1). A biopsy with fine needle aspiration was not diagnostic and the patient underwent radical left parotidectomy. Histologic examination showed epithelial cell proliferation; cells were characterised by small round nuclei and microgranular, eosinophilic cytoplasm. A mitotic count was negative. The mass was surrounded by a thin fibrous capsule. These findings were consistent with oncocytoma of the parotid gland.
Figure 1
Figure 1

Computer tomography (CT) findings: tumour mass of the left parotid gland.

No complications were recorded during the post-operative course. During the follow-up period (12 months) no cervical lymph nodes were detected on repeated CTs and the patient remains disease free.


Oncocytomas usually occurr in the elderly and affect the parotid glands in 80% [3]. Bilateral oncocytoma is reported to be extremely rare, accounting for 7% of these cases [4]. Diagnosis is assisted by CT and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the neck, although histopathologic confirmation is necessary. However, in a recent report, CT findings were correlated to histopathologic features [5].

Pathologically, oncocytoma is described as a well circumscribed mass, composed of layers of oncocytes (small round nucleus, micro-granular, eosinophilic cytoplasm). Fine needle aspiration is the procedure of choice for making a diagnosis in the majority of cases, although its sensitivity is reported to be only 29% [3]. Rarity of the disease, sampling error and lack of interpreter experience account for the majority of pitfalls.

Pathogenesis is quite obscure, although mitochondrial functional defects are believed to mediate the progressive degeneration of the salivary epithelial cells [3]. Of note, only one mitochondrial DNA rearrangement (among 200 described) has been linked to parotid tumorogenesis [6]. The correlation of certain viruses, such as EBV, HIV, HHV-8, HTLV-1 and HPV with parotid neoplasias has been documented [7]-[9]. However, there is no evidence for a possible link between HBV and these neoplasias. The immune dysregulation associated with chronic HBV infection and long-term steroid therapy may be responsible for the developed oncocytoma in our patient.

Surgical management with radical or superficial parotidectomy represents the cornerstone of therapy [3]. Probably, there is no need for chemotherapy and/or irradiation, given the benign nature and slow growth rate of the tumour; recurrence is less than 20%, mainly because of incomplete surgical resection.


Oncocytic neoplasms should be considered as a possible diagnosis in patients with parotid enlargement. Due to the lack of large series, assiduous study of the cases reported in the literature may lead to better understanding of this rare disease.






Epstein-Barr virus


Enteric Cytopathic Human Orphan virus


Hepatitis B virus


Hepatitis C virus


Human Herpesvirus 8


Human immunodeficiency virus


Human papillomavirus


Human T-lymphotropic virus type 1


Immune thrombocytopenic purpura


Magnetic resonance imaging


World Health Organization.


Authors’ Affiliations

Second Department of Internal Medicine, Hippokratio General Hospital Aristotle University, 49 Konstantinoupoleos St, Thessaloniki, 54642, Greece
Department of Ear, Nose, and Throat, Hippokratio General Hospital, 49 Konstantinoupoleos St, Thessaloniki, 54642, Greece


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© Vlachaki et al; licensee Cases Network Ltd. licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2009

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