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Appendicular mass mimicking as suprapubic mass: a case report

Abstract

Introduction

We are writing about an unusual case of appendicular mass presenting as painful suprapubic mass in a female patient admitted to gynaecology ward. There has been no recent discussion in the gynaecologic literature of appendicular mass in a young woman presenting as gynaecologic case like this one.

Case presentation

A 39-year-old lady was admitted to gynaecological ward with the complaint of painful suprapubic mass with no bowel symptoms. Subsequent investigations raised the suspicion of tubo-ovarian abscess. The laparotomy revealed burst appendicular mass with involvement of ovaries and part of inflamed bowels. Hence right salpingo-oophorectomy, appendicectomy and right hemicolectomy were performed. The patient made un-remarkable recovery.

Conclusion

Our case presentation highlights the fact that pelvic mass presentation can be misleading, not always of gynaecologic origin therefore clinicians should think broadly as multidisciplinary input may be inevitable.

Case presentation

A 39-year-old Caucasian (British) non-pregnant lady (para 3 with caesarean section; in a stable relationship) was admitted to gynaecology ward with complain of pelvic pain and temperature of 37.3°C. She was discharged from emergency department three days ago on antibiotics for urinary tract infection. There was no history of vomiting, diarrhoea or constipation. Also there was no past history of pelvic inflammatory disease. The laboratory findings were CRP 443 mg/L; Hb 111 g/L; WBCs 11.9 × 109 /L with 83% neutrophilia and Platelets were 386 × 109 /L. Urine dip stick revealed no infection. The abdominal examination revealed a fixed firm immobile suprapubic mass with mild tenderness but no signs of peritonism. The uterus was bulky, mobile and adnexal mass noted on bimanual examination. Her cervical smears were up to date and there was no family history of ovarian, cervical or endometrial carcinoma. Her CA-125 was also within normal limits.

The ultrasound transvaginal (Figure 1) and ultrasound abdomino-pelvis (Figure 2) revealed right adnexal lesion measuring 9.3 × 8.3 × 6.6 cm with mixed echogenicity with small fluid areas as well as some focal echogenic areas consistent with some air or gas. There was some peripheral vascularity but no central vascularity on dopplers. No free fluid in pouch of Douglas noted and no abnormality seen in right iliac fossa. The appearances were most likely to represent a right tubo-ovarian abscess. The radiologist recommended no further investigations. Therefore an exploratory Laparotomy was performed and it revealed burst appendix, faecolith matter; tubes and ovary buried in inflamed mass on right side. Approximately 200 ml pus was drained from the area between posterior of uterine fundus and inflamed bowels. The gynaecology team performed right salpingo-oophorectomy while appendicectomy with right hemicolectomy was performed by surgeons. The patient made un-remarkable recovery.

Figure 1
figure1

Mass seen on transvaginal scan.

Figure 2
figure2

Bladder and Mass can be seen on abdominal scan.

Discussion

There has been no recent discussion in the gynaecologic literature of appendicular mass in a young woman presenting as gynaecologic disease like this case. Because of the proximity of the right ovary to the appendix, it is possible for appendicitis to perforate into the ovary, producing a tubo-ovarian abscess indistinguishable from that due to other more common causes.

Jinxing Yu et al [1] in a very comprehensive pictorial (Helical CT scan) essay described the un common mimics of appendicitis which can present as gynaecologic disease are ovarian vein thrombosis, ovarian dermoid, necrotic uterine leiomyoma, ovarian torsion, endometriosis and ruptured ectopic pregnancy. The gastrointestinal processes such as diverticulitis and appendiceal abscess can present as pelvic mass but presentation as suprapubic mass is quite unusual and not reported in literature before. This rare presentation of appendicular mass alerts gynaecologists as well as surgeons, highlighting the needs of lateral thinking and multidisciplinary input.

Conclusion

In a sexually active female, the presentation of pelvic pain is commonly dealt as a gynaecologic symptom as all the emphasis is ruling out common causes like ovarian accidents and pelvic inflammatory disease. Appendicitis though important differential diagnosis is often missed in reproductive age group females. In this case the pelvic pain turned out to be a misleading symptom with relevance to gynaecologic disease instead was a more acute abdominal presentation requiring urgent intervention. It was an unusual presentation for appendicular mass, highlighting the importance for gynaecologists for lateral thinking when seeing pelvic mass patients especially in younger females with low risk of malignancy. In this unusually presenting patient there was higher risk missed diagnosis and of complications as typical signs of acute appendicitis, tenderness at Mac Burney's point and peritonism were absent. Delayed diagnosis led to eventual loss of ovary and tube, and this can have detrimental effect on woman's life both physically and psychologically especially if she has not completed her family. Consequently on reflection our case presentation highlights the fact that pelvic mass presentation can be misleading, not always of gynaecologic origin therefore clinicians should think broadly as multidisciplinary input may be inevitable.

Consent

Written informed consent was obtained from the patient for publication of this case report and any accompanying images. A copy of the written consent is available for review by the Editor-in-Chief of this journal.

Abbreviations

CA-125:

Cancer antigen 125

CRP:

C reactive protein

Hb:

Haemoglobin

WBC:

white cell count.

References

  1. 1.

    Yu J, Fulcher AS, Turner MA, Halvorsen RA: Helical CT evaluation of acute right lower quadrant pain: part II, uncommon mimics of appendicitis. Am J Roentgenol. 2005, 184: 1143-1149.

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Correspondence to Junaid Rafi.

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The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Authors' contributions

JR followed up patient case from admission to discharge, literature search, interpretation of results, and writing of the manuscript. SU also aided in interpreting the investigations, writing the manuscript and revised it critically for important clinical and educational content in this case.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0 ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Rafi, J., Umranikar, S. Appendicular mass mimicking as suprapubic mass: a case report. Cases Journal 2, 7815 (2009). https://doi.org/10.4076/1757-1626-2-7815

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Keywords

  • Endometriosis
  • Appendicitis
  • Diverticulitis
  • Pelvic Pain
  • Endometrial Carcinoma