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  1. A 51-year-old female patient presented with atypical chest pain, laryngo-oesophageal reflux, increased levels of serum calcium and parathyroid hormone. Ultrasonography showed a multinodular goiter with a promi...

    Authors: Ioannis P Iakovou, Iordanis E Konstantinidis, Alexandra I Chrisoulidou and Argyrios S Doumas
    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:9121
  2. Congenital polyps of the posterior urethra are rare lesions, and have often been described in boys. The polyps are benign lesion usually lined by a transitional epithelium, but cases of squamous or intestinal ...

    Authors: Mehdi Jaidane, Adnen Hidoussi, Adel Slama, Wissem Hmida, Nabil Ben Sorba and Faouzi Mosbah
    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:9119
  3. The pancreas is a well-documented but relatively uncommon site of non-small-cell cancer metastases. However, at the time of diagnosis the disease is usually locoregionally advanced, therefore therapeutic manag...

    Authors: Maria A Kyriazi, Chrisostomos Sofoudis, Maria Katsouri, Theocharis Kappos, Christos Zafeiris, Eleni Trihia, Pantelis Diamantopoulos and Iakovos N Nomikos
    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:9113
  4. Anterior triangle masses pose an important clinical dilemma. It is very difficult to distinguish the potential pathologies pre operatively by clinical and radiological assessment.

    Authors: Gabrielle C Colleran, Kevin C Cronin, Ann M Browne, Niamh Hynes and Sherif Sultan
    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:9112
  5. The amniotic band syndrome has a scarce prevalence and intrauterine death as a result of amniotic bands formation is extremely rare.

    Authors: Konstantinos Chatzigeorgiou, Theodoros Theodoridis, Ioannis Efstratiou, Apostolos Athanasiadis, Leonidas Zepiridis, Filippos Tzevelekis and Basil Tarlatzis
    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:9108
  6. Polymyositis which is a rare disease both in general population and in pregnancy is systemic connective tissue disorder characterized by inflammation and degeneration of muscles. There is only a little informa...

    Authors: Ilkben Gunusen, Semra Karaman, Seymen Nemli and Vicdan Firat
    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:9107
  7. The diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis requires a high degree of clinical suspicion, for the signs and symptoms of this disease can be falsely attributed to other causes. Herein, we present a case of a 70-...

    Authors: Harith A Altemimi, Syed Y Altaf, Rhian K James, Rajah Nata, Eshwar B Kumar and Max Codispoti
    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:9105
  8. Bifurcation lesions have traditionally presented a unique problem for interventional cardiologists because of their inherent anatomy and risk of closure of the side branch, after a percutaneous intervention fo...

    Authors: Chitradeep De, Medhat Zaher, Mayur Lakhani, Joseph T McGinn Jr, Roberto Baglini and Duccio Baldari
    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:9104
  9. Norovirus is the leading cause of epidemic gastroenteritis worldwide but the disease is usually self-limiting and generally only causes serious health problems in the young, elderly and immunocompromised. The ...

    Authors: Nikhil Pawa, Andrew P Vanezis and Matthew G Tutton
    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:9101
  10. Primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenoma is a rare tumor prevailing specifically in female gender. Its histogenesis is still unclear and its diagnosis is mainly based on morphological characteristics.

    Authors: Aicha Benkirane, Asmaa Mikou, Ahmed Jahid, Fouad Zouaidia, Laila Laraqui, Zakia Bernoussi and Najat Mahassini
    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:9098
  11. Bone wax is sometimes used in a variety of surgical procedures as a haemostatic. Bone wax contains beeswax softened with isopropyl palmitate or paraffin. It is nonabsorbable with no biochemical action. It achi...

    Authors: Abdul Qayum and Abid Hussain Koka
    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:9097
  12. We report a rare case of fatal cardiac tamponade attributed to coronary sinus thrombosis. An 83-year-old man was admitted to the hospital complaining of general fatigue. Laboratory examination revealed marked ...

    Authors: Sohei Kitazawa, Riko Kitazawa, Takeshi Kondo, Kiyoshi Mori, Toshimitsu Matsui, Hiroshi Watanabe and Makoto Watanabe
    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:9095
  13. Vascular spinal cord injury following coronary bypass grafting surgery is very rare and this is probably one of few reports of a presumptive partial conus medullaris lesion leading to sudden onset bladder and ...

    Authors: Sanjay Sinha, Sreenivasa R Sirigiri, Srinivas K Kanakamedala, Manoj K Singh and Rakesh M Sharma
    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:9094
  14. A rare case of synchronous angiomyolipoma and oncocytoma in the same kidney of a 70 year old man is presented. A left renal mass was found incidentally by ultrasound. Computerized tomography and magnetic reson...

    Authors: Theodosios Theodosopoulos, Anneza Yiallourou, Maria Kyriazi, Georgios Anastasopoulos, Evi Kairi-Vassilatou, Nicolaos Dafnios and Ioannis Vassiliou
    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:9093
  15. Castleman's disease is a rare lymphoproliferative disorder. Most cases occur in the mediastinum and the pancreatic localization is uncommon; currently there are only nine reported cases in the literature about...

    Authors: Adolfo Petrina, Emilio Eugeni, Marco Badolato, Carlo Boselli, Piero Covarelli, Fabio Rondelli and Giuseppe Noya
    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:9090
  16. Primary tumors of the appendix are unusual and most of them are carcinoids. Their main presentation is that of an acute appendicitis or as a palpable mass, mainly in the right lower quadrant.

    Authors: Konstantinos Alexiou, Nikolaos Sikalias, Maria Demonakou, Sylvia-Christina Mylona, Vasileios Triantafyllis, Asimina Kalogirou and Georgios Antsaklis
    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:9089
  17. Gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs) are rare mesenchymal neoplasms affecting the digestive tract or nearby structures within the abdomen. We present a case of a 66-year-old female patient who presented wi...

    Authors: Stavros Gourgiotis, Dimitrios Kotoulas, Stavros Aloizos, Aikaterini Kolovou, Nikolaos S Salemis and Ioannis Kantounakis
    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:9088

    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in Cases Journal 2016 3:9002

  18. Gorlin-Goltz syndrome is a rare hereditary disease. Pathogenesis of the syndrome is attributed to abnormalities in the long arm of chromosome 9 (q22.3-q31) and loss or mutations of human patched gene (PTCH1 ge...

    Authors: Christina Kalogeropoulou, Petros Zampakis, Santra Kazantzi, Pantelis Kraniotis and Nicholas S Mastronikolis
    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:9087
  19. Cognitive disorders like dementia, delirium, depression, anxiety, psychosis and mania are the commonest neuropsychiatric manifestations. We discuss here a case of an adult women presenting with neuropsychiatri...

    Authors: Peralam Yegneswaran Prakash and Rao P Sugandhi
    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:9084
  20. An intramural duodenal hematoma is a rare but recognized complication that usually develops after abdominal trauma, predominantly in children and young adults.

    Authors: Sungjin Chung, Cheol Whee Park, Hyun Wha Chung, Seok Joon Shin and Yoon Sik Chang
    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:9083
  21. Chemotherapeutic agents are rarely used for symptom management in patients under palliative care setting. This is because chemotherapeutic agents not only have limited efficacy in palliative treatment but are ...

    Authors: Takashi Kawaguchi, Satoru Iwase, Hironori Takeuchi, Ayako Ikeda, Yujiro Kuroda, Naoko Sakata, Megumi Umeda, Kaori Kobara, Tadaharu Matsunaga, Sakae Unezaki and Yoshinori Nagumo
    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:9081
  22. This is a case report that illustrates the effect of the Dejian Mind-Body Intervention (DMBI) on a 22-year-old chronic epileptic male (onset at age two) suffering from severe cognitive impairments as a result of ...

    Authors: Agnes S Chan, Sophia L Sze, Mei-chun Cheung, Joseph MK Lam and Dejian Shi
    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:9080
  23. Infectious complications represent a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). The etiology is postulated to be secondary to aberrations in cell-mediated immun...

    Authors: Cannon Milani, Samir M Dalia and Gerald A Colvin
    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:9078
  24. Authors describe a case of recurrent exfoliative cheilitis that responded to treatment with a standardized topical preparation of Calendula officinalis L. An eighteen-year-old man was referred to UNESP - São Paul...

    Authors: Lúcia Helena Denardi Roveroni-Favaretto, Karina Bortolin Lodi and Janete Dias Almeida
    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:9077
  25. Anterior dislocation of the shoulder joint with an ipsilateral fracture of the humeral shaft is a rare injury which may require demanding technical skills.

    Authors: Konstantinos Kazakos, Stamatis Paraschou, Nikolaos G Lasanianos, Dionysios Verettas and Dimitrios N Lyras
    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:9075
  26. Mitral annular calcification is a common finding in elderly patients; it is considered a benign cardiac abnormality but it can be a predisposing factor for infective endocarditis. Although described in numerou...

    Authors: Giovanni Minardi, Paolo G Pino, Martina Sordi, Herribert Pavaci, Carla Manzara, Giovanni Pulignano, Enrico Natale and Carlo Gaudio
    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:9072
  27. Drug induced toxic epidermal necrolysis and Stevens Johnson syndrome are more commonly associated with medications such as sulfonamides, penicillin, anticonvulsants, oxicam non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug...

    Authors: Uchenna R Ofoma and Edward K Chapnick
    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:9071
  28. Nearly all long-bone fractures are accompanied by some form of fat embolism. The rare complication of clinically significant fat embolism syndrome, however, occurs in only 0.9-2.2% of cases. The clinical triad...

    Authors: Amit Aravapalli, James Fox and Christos Lazaridis
    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:212
  29. Two cases of impotence following a treatment with etretinate have been reported in the literature. Acitretin is the principal active metabolite of etretinate. We report a case of erectile dysfunction associate...

    Authors: Marco Rossi and Michele Pellegrino
    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:210
  30. Cannabis, or Marijuana, remains one of the most universally used recreational drugs. Over the last four decades, its popularity has risen considerably as it became easily accessible and relatively affordable. Pea...

    Authors: Abdo H Sattout and Mark F Nicol
    Citation: Cases Journal 2009 2:208